The global fossil fuel energy market, which recorded a staggering valuation of US$ 988.95 billion in the year 2022, is anticipated to witness significant growth in the forthcoming years.
The global fossil fuel energy market, an integral segment of the Energy & Natural Resources industry, has been witnessing substantial growth. In 2022, the market was valued at a significant $988.95 billion.
Predominantly driven by coal, oil, and natural gas, the fossil fuel energy market encompasses the revenues generated from gas turbines, Diesel engines, and Spark-ignition internal combustion engines. The market valuation includes the value of related goods sold by the service provider or included within the service offering.
Despite global economic disruptions such as the Russia-Ukraine war and the COVID-19 pandemic, the market demonstrated resilience and is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.2% to $1,050.29 billion in 2023, further expanding to $1,313.7 billion in 2027 at a CAGR of 5.8%.
This growth is driven by increasing electricity demand, primarily from developing economies like China, India, Brazil, and several African countries. However, the market faces challenges, including environmental concerns and regulatory pressure to reduce carbon emissions.
The market exhibits a geographically diverse landscape, with Asia Pacific and Western Europe emerging as the largest regions in 2022. Major market players include Iberdrola, SA, Huaneng Power International, Inc, Enel SpA, Engie SA, and State Power Investment Corporation Ltd., among others.
The global fossil fuel electricity market promises further evolution and growth, shaped by multiple economic, technological, and regulatory factors.
Key Report Findings
Growing Demand for Electricity
A primary driver of the fossil fuel electricity market is the escalating demand for electricity globally, attributable to developing economies and population growth. Nations such as China, India, Brazil, and several African countries are seeing substantial growth in their energy needs.
As per the International Energy Agency (2019), the global electricity demand is expected to rise at 2.1% per year by 2040, doubling the rate of primary energy demand. This increased electricity consumption, coupled with the growth in industries and household appliances markets, supports the expansion of the fossil fuel electricity market.
Economic Recovery and Industrial Growth
Post the COVID-19 pandemic and Russia-Ukraine war, economies worldwide are recovering, leading to industrial resurgence. This revival triggers a surge in energy consumption, especially in manufacturing, retail, and services sectors, thus driving the growth of the fossil fuel electricity market.
Technological Advancements in Fossil Fuel Extraction and Processing
Advancements in technologies related to fossil fuel extraction and processing have improved efficiency and reduced costs, thus driving the market. More efficient gas turbines, Diesel engines, and Spark-ignition internal combustion engines have helped in increasing the overall effectiveness of fossil fuel electricity generation.
Infrastructure Development in Emerging Economies
Emerging economies are witnessing massive infrastructure development, including residential, commercial, and industrial projects. These developments necessitate substantial electricity, thus driving the demand for fossil fuel electricity.
Growing Demand for Electricity
With the expanding economies and rising populations in developing nations such as China, India, Brazil, and parts of Africa, the demand for electricity is projected to grow significantly. This increase in electricity consumption is expected to be a key driving factor for the fossil fuel electricity market. Also, the global household appliances market is anticipated to grow to $396 billion by 2022, further boosting the demand for electricity.
Adoption of Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) Technology
Governments worldwide are promoting the use of CCS technology across industries, including power generation. CCS technology can capture up to 90% of the carbon dioxide emissions produced by burning fossil fuels, preventing it from entering the atmosphere. This technology offers a solution for fossil fuel power plants to comply with regulatory emissions standards, potentially extending their operational lifespan and market relevance.
Investments and Acquisitions
The industry has observed substantial investments and acquisitions, indicating a promising future for the market. For instance, in August 2021, ArcLight Capital Partners, LLC acquired the 6,750 MW fossil-fuel plant portfolio of Public Service Enterprise Group (PSEG) for $1.92 billion, illustrating the active role of investment in shaping the market.
In many developing countries, industrial and commercial activities are rapidly growing, increasing energy consumption. For instance, India's energy consumption surged by 13.38 percent to 110.94 billion units (BU) in October 2020. These emerging markets provide substantial growth opportunities for the fossil fuel electricity market.
Continued Dominance of Fossil Fuel
Despite growing environmental concerns and the shift towards renewable energy, fossil fuels-coal, oil, and natural gas-continue to be the dominant sources of electricity globally. This persistence indicates that opportunities will continue to present themselves within the fossil fuel electricity market for the foreseeable future.
Economic and Geopolitical Turmoil
Global geopolitical conflicts, such as the Russia-Ukraine war, have disrupted the economic recovery process from the COVID-19 pandemic. This situation has triggered economic sanctions, escalated the prices of commodities, and interrupted supply chains, thereby inducing inflation. Such impacts have repercussions on various global markets, notably the fossil fuel electricity market.
Regulatory Restrictions and Environmental Concerns
With growing environmental concerns worldwide, governments are implementing stringent regulations to reduce fossil fuel-based electricity generation, one of the significant sources of carbon emissions. These regulations aim to control harmful environmental effects, potentially increasing the cost of producing fossil fuel-based power, thus posing a challenge to the market.
Transition to Renewable Energy Sources
As part of a global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, there is a growing shift towards renewable energy sources. This shift may pose a significant challenge to the fossil fuel electricity market as renewables become increasingly cost-competitive and technologically advanced.
Public Perception and Social Pressure
The adverse environmental impact of fossil fuels has led to increasing social pressure for businesses and governments to transition towards more sustainable energy sources. This changing public perception may influence regulatory measures and market preferences, thus creating challenges for the fossil fuel electricity market.
Vulnerability to Market Fluctuations
The fossil fuel electricity market is subject to fluctuations in commodity prices and the global economy. For instance, the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic and the Russia-Ukraine war have had significant repercussions on the market. Such instability poses ongoing challenges for the fossil fuel electricity market.
Middle East and Africa
Company Recent Development
Major players operating in the fossil fuel energy market include:
Each company contributes significantly to the industry through coal, oil, or natural gas electricity generation. Their diverse geographical presence and substantial production capacities have enabled them to influence market trends and dynamics on a global scale. As we transition towards a more sustainable energy future, their strategies in managing environmental impacts, integrating innovative technologies, and addressing market challenges will undoubtedly shape the trajectory of the fossil fuel electricity market.
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